4講座 受動態解答
 
 
(1) (5) (8) (9)
 
 
 
 
(1)
This book was read by Tom.(印の解説は省略しています)
 
(2)
This report was not written by Jim.
 
(3)
Are the dishes washed by her?
 
(4)
The question was found easy by him.
 
(5)
I was given this new tie by my uncle.
 
(6)
Japanese must not be spoken in this class. (by you は省略 後述)
 
 
 
 
(1)
1 「毎年さらに多くの木が切り倒されているのですか」
 
(2)
He drew these pictures? ⇒ Did he draw these pictures?
 
(3)
Where he found the key? ⇒ Where did he find the key?
 
(4)
love ⇒ loves (Everyone love her.)
 
(5)
The missing boy has not been found yet.
 
 
 
 
(1)
What was done by him?
 
(2)
What is this called in your mother tongue?
 
(3)
 
 
Whom was this room cleaned by?
By whom was this room cleaned?
Who was this room cleaned by?
 
(4)
Who discovered America?
 
 
 
 
(1)
スフィンクスは長い間砂に埋もれていた。
 
(2)
スフィンクスは今修復されています。
 
(3)
These dishes have been washed by Sue.
 
(4)
The chairs are being carried into the garden by him.
 
(5)
Our car has already been repaired by my son.
 
(6)
 
The new plan was being discussed at that time by the members of the project.
 
 
 
 
(1)
I was taken advantage of by him.
 
(2)
彼女は彼の提案に満足した。
 
(3)
is known to
 
(4)
up ⇒ up to (up の後ろに to を補うという趣旨の答えなら○)
 
 
 
 
(1)
It is said that he is a liar.
 
(2)
 
 
agree ⇒ to agree
(by〜の誰にさせられたかはこの文の内容では重要ではありません。 こういう場合も by〜 は省略されやすくなります。)
 
(3)
Let/be
 
 
 
 
(1)
will be
 
(2)
is / called
 
(3)
will take care of
 
(4)
written by
 
(5)
know him
 
(6)
to carry
 
 
 
 
(1)
 
(2)
 
(3)
 
 
10
 
 
(1)
We elected Mr.Maple mayor of our city.
 
(2)
The door is sometimes left open by him.
 
(3)
laughted → laughted at
 
(4)
Who [is the child taken care of by]? takesが不要
 
(5)
Can you(we)put up with such a state of things?
 
 
 

〜 ・ 〜 編集後記 〜 ・ 〜

4講座おつかれさまでした。1講座の文型(SVO)、2講座の進行形・完了形、3講座の各助動詞を含めての書き換えなので、 「段々知識が積み上がっていってるな〜」っていうのを実感できていると思います。そうであって欲しいし。 実は4講座までくると一区切りなのです。そのため、ここで何かしら「ちょっと分かってきたかな」とか「 知識がつながってきた」という手ごたえを持ってもらえるように、1〜4講座を構成してきたのですが、さてどうだったでしょうか。 これから次の節目である5講座以降の準動詞に入っていきます。